Advantages of using bootstrap include having access to a huge amount of pre-defined code. For example, if I want to put a space above a paragraph, I could fiddle about with style code, or just remember that bootstrap calls space between areas m (for margin). Spacing is particularly simple in bootstrap, mt-1 means put a margin at the top, and make it the smallest amount. If you want a bigger space, there is 2, 3 and 4. If you want a different side, you have t, b, l and r (these letters stand for what you think). Additionally, you can do top and bottom at the same time with y (the y axis) and of course x is both left and right. I suggest you experiement with this. If instead you want padding - that is, inside a paragraph you want the text to keep its distance from the paragraph's border, use p instead of m. All the rules are the same for setting the distances. If you just want a small padding on the top and slightly more on the right, you would just add class="mt-2 mr-3" to your paragraph. To apply padding or margin distancing for all sides, just don't specify one, like p-2. If I wanted the paragraph to have, say, a small all round padding, red background and light coloured text, I make it <p class="m-1 bg-danger text-light">.